Daily Life of the Cold War
Fallout Shelters
Fallout shelters are built for families to prevent the numbers of casualties from a nuclear bomb. The fallout shelters are designed to avoid the potential dangers from nuclear bombings and also provides a lower ground level to keep from radiation. The materials used in a fallout shelter also provide a dense, heavy area for families to stay protected from the dust and radiation the bombings send out.
The walls of the fallout shelters were built with concrete, 12 inches thick. These shelters were usually built in a concrete basement or underground about three feet. Most of the time a waterproof roof was put into the shelters to keep from the rain coming in. The only ventilation in the shelters was a hand-crank blower that is attached to a pipe that leads to the air outside of the shelter. For a cheap do it yourself shelter it would normally cost one
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hundred fifty to two hundred dollars.
The recommended supplies for these fallout shelters were bottled drinking water, varieties of canned goods, cleaning supplies, extra clothing, first-aid kits and reading and writing materials. Depending on how much money the group staying in the shelter wanted to spend, they could also put radios, sleeping bags, waste holding bags, chemical toilets, air circulation, electric generator, communication software and weapons/firearms.
Throughout the 1950’s, America was fearful for nuclear war. The United States and the Soviet Union had both at this point created the hydrogen bomb. Truman made it clear to the public that bombings were possible and to take precautions. The American government warned the public that they could not protect everyone. In 1961, Kennedy made a request for one hundred million dollars to build the public fallout shelters.
Families had their own home set up in their fallout shelters, they were prepared for anything and everything.



Women's Rights
During World War II the industries were being taken over by women. Most men were away at war, so it was the women’s job to manage the work in the factories, raise families and still keep the house as clean as can be. At the beginning of the Cold War the working conditions and pay were made equal between men and women. After World War II was over, the rate of women working in the factories slowed down a lot, but by 1950 there had still been one million women working in the factories each year. Men wanted women to go back to only managing the household and raising their families. Women were no longer needed to play the role of men in society. But by 1956 there still had been 35% adult women working in the factories with men. Women were becoming extremely more independent and knew they could handle doing things on their own, their husbands were no longer needed as much as before. Which led to a rise in divorce and widowhood in the 1950’s. Many people viewed women who were divorced and widowed as suspicious and were pitied by the American media.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned the discrimination of any person due to their race, sex, religion, etc. This led to the creation of the National Organization for Women, started by Betty Friedan. This organization, also know as NOW, helped fight against sexual discrimination, education, employment, wages and divorce. NOW not only helped support women but was fighting for the rights of men also against discrimination, education, employment, wages and divorce. In 1966, the Equal Rights NOW.jpgAmendment was brought up to be put into the Constitution, and declared that both men and women must be treated equally by the law. NOW2.jpg

Women took a stand for what they believed in, women were now expressing how they felt
about their rights in America. 

Baby Boom
Men returning from World War II came back from fighting wanting to start families with their wives and girlfriends. This caused a major rise in population due to the thousands of previous soldiers who came home to start and raise their families. This increase of population was called the baby boom. The baby boom took place between the years of 1946-1964. During this time, 79 million babies were born, which also caused a shift in society and the economy. Many of the neighborhood wives were pregnant together. In the 1940’s many suburban areas were becoming less and less green filling up with new schools, town centers and several more homes in the towns. Between the 1930’s and the 1940’s America averaged about 2.3-2.8 million births per year. In 1945 there were 2.8 million births, in 1946 there were 3.47 million births and in 1957 there were approximately 4.3 million births in America. The baby boomers took up about 29% of the population. Throughout this time period the population of America was about 152,271,417 people. The baby boomers life expectancy was to live until you’re about 68-69. A workers yearly income was $3,319 dollars with a wage of about $.75 cents an hour. Also to start their new families a new home and car would possibly be needed costing $8,450 dollars for a new home and $1,510 dollars for a new car. The over population of the new babies being born swept over America changing the way people could live, get jobs and work a normal life style. baby_boom.jpg

This Duck and Cover video taught children in and out of school how to react
when a nuclear or atomic situation could possibly occur.
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Top Ten Boys and Girls Names of the 1950's:
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James
Mary
Robert
Linda
John
Barbara
William
Patricia
Richard
Carol
David
Sandra
Charles
Nancy
Thomas
Judith
Michael
Sharon
Ronald
Susan



Children of the baby boomer century pose in front of a home waiting for the picture to be taken.


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Alch, Mark L. "The Echo-Boom Generation: A Growing Force in American Society." Futurist. Sept./Oct. 2000: 42-46. SIRS Researcher. Web. 02 May 2011.

Davidson, Gienapp, Heyrman, Lytle, Stoff. Nation of Nations: A Concise Narrative of the American Republic . 4th. 1. 2005. Print

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http://babyboomermemories.com/fifties/index.php

www.healthyolderadults.com

http://www.life123.com/question/Women's-Role-in-the-Cold-War