Communism Vs. Democracy

A system of government in which the nation’s leaders are all selected by a single political party that controls all aspects of society. Private ownership of property is eliminated and government directs all economic production. The goods produced and accumulated wealth are, in theory, shared relatively equally by all. All religious practices are banned. All economic and social activities are controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a self-perpetuating and single political party. Everything belongs to the community as a whole and individuals have decreased amount of rights.

Democracy:external image Democrat_Party_Donkey_Symbol.jpg
A system of government that allows more then one political party. These party members are then
elected to various government offices by popular vote of the people.This government is created
for the people, by the people. Every person is entitled to voting privileges, as well as other equal rights. A form of government in which the most supreme power is invested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected
parties under a free electoral voting system.

The United States' Point of View:
The United States' position during the cold war was that Communism was pure evil. This belief caused many controversies at the time, the home front and the war as a whole were greatly influenced by this thought.The United States practiced democracy at the home front throughout the entirety of the Cold War. Despite the overbearing fear formed by the United States, no Communist government came to power during the cold war.The United State's pride in democracy and fear of communism shaped the war immensely. The United States simply believed that they were fighting for freedom and democracy.
The United States' commitment to democracy did not prevent it from maintaining alliances with other monarchs, such as the Kings of Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
Speech by Kennedy
This clip includes President Kennedy expressing his opinion on the rights of American citizens. He mentions that every nation should know that he will do anything for liberty within the United States.

In 1949 China went communist, and joined an alliance with the Soviet Union. The communist control of such a big and powerful influence caused fear to wreak havoc among United States citizens. The alliance only increased this fear and instilled a permanent possibility of communist take over. However this alliance only lasted a few years and the communist did not gain another significant territory after China.

Soviet Union:
Soviet propaganda rele
This is a Soviet Propaganda peice. The men portrayed here are purposely infused with a powerful outlook, as well as an obvious communistic background.
This is a Soviet Propaganda peice. The men portrayed here are purposely infused with a powerful outlook, as well as an obvious communistic background.
ntlessly portrayed America as a racist society, and it had more persuasive power than other Soviet arguments because it was believably true. The Soviet Union slandered America repeatedly to encourage communist rule. They influenced countries to t ake sides with them and to hate the United States, which only angered the United States more and more. There was th e underlying threat of the "iron curtain" the caused many other controversies. Although the United States and Soviet Union never did directly exchange fire, their war was clearly conducted by open aggression towards one another. As well as proxies within the Korean War and Vietnam War.
This is a political cartoon displaying the difficulties faced by the "iron curtain."
This is a political cartoon displaying the difficulties faced by the "iron curtain."

Red Scare, HUAC, and McCarthyism:
The House Un-American Activities Committee also known as HUAC was created in 1938. It's sole purpose being to investigate alleged disloyal activities by any of the following groups; private citizens, public employees, and any organizations suspected of having even the slightest Communist interest.This well-known committee came to be acknowledged during the red scare.

The red scare was a time in United States history when United States citizens felt highly threatened by communism. They began to harbor these feeling because under communism people are not guaranteed individual liberties. “Reds under the beds” “Better dead than red” were common slogans or chants heard and seen during the cold war and red scare. In this atmosphere of suspicion and fear, external image Better-Dead-Than-Red.jpgMcCarthyism (the practice of making unsupported accusations of disloyalty, subversion, and or treason) was strong and continued to become increasingly stronger.

Are you now, or have you ever been, a member of the communist party?
This was am average question that members of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) would ask each and every American who was brought before them for trial by accusation. This question and Committee was established and created to root out and demolish communist influences within the
United States.

During the Red Scare, investigations and restrictions on the liberties that had always been protected by the U.S. Constitution shook United States citizens up. Soviet and Eastern European citizens could expect to experience far worse conditions under the brutal Communist party leader Joseph Stalin.
This image perfectly depicts the fear directed towards communism by the U.S.
This image perfectly depicts the fear directed towards communism by the U.S.

The Red Scare occurred after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. Therefore American leaders, feared that a similar revolution might break out in the United States. In return of this fear they set into motion a federal investigation on suspected radicals, or anyone for communism, against democracy. Attorney General Palmer created the Palmer Raids which targeted suspicious or susceptible foreigners all over the country. These raids did violate many suspects' civil liberties and shortly after led to the formation of the American Civil Liberties Union to protect the rights of the many innocent people jailed, despite their suspicious interest in communism, or accusations.

Drastically Different:
The American public abruptly realized that the communist system of government was drastically different from the Democratic government system citizens were accustomed to. In the United States all properties and every businesses are privately owned. The Bill of Rights protects every individual and their liberties. American citizens have a freedom of religion, and freedom to vote.
Make Mine Freedom
This educational video further explains the rights that United State citizens are entitled to, as well as how quickly it can all change. Within the film ISM Incorporated attempts to get citizens to sign their liberties and rights away.

Impact and Significance to the Cold War:
For the first initial beginning years of the early Cold War, between the years of 1945 and 1948, the significant conflict was more political (being between communism and democracy) than military. The disagreements about communism and democracy of a huge factor of the cold war. The unintentional instillation of fear upon the United States and it's citizens by any and all communist countries only feeds fuel to the non-combative cold war. Without this disagreement the war may not have lasted or have been as powerful as it was.

In the End:
Communism does not spread despite the common fear of United States’ citizens. Democracy remains with the United States still today. Even today some countries remain un-democratic but the United States no longer fears the spreading or take-over of other government systems.

Works Cited:
Yanak, Ted, and Pam Cornelison. "Red Scare." The Great American History Fact-Finder. Dec. 1 1993: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 29 Apr 2011.
Truema, Chris. "The Cold War." The Cold War. N.p., 2011. Web. 29 April 2011. <>.
Marshall, Joshua Micah. "Exhuming McCarthy." American Prospect. March/April 1999: 56-60. SIRS Researcher. Web. 29 Apr 2011.
Foner, Eric, and John A. Garraty. "House Un-American Activities Committee." The Reader's Companion to American History. Dec. 1 1991: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 29 Apr 2011.
hanes, sharon. hanes,sharon. 1. New York: Thomson Gale, xviii, 99-101. Print
Time Almanac with Information Please 2005, copyright 2004, Pearson Education, Inc., page 850
2 Time Almanac with Information Please 2005, copyright 2004, Pearson Education, Inc., page 685
"Make Mine Freedom." Web. 28 April 2011. <>.